The phrase “Test automation makes things to be faster”, or similar ones, is spoken sometimes too fast, and without knowing real behavior of a software. Everywhere are ads with “automation”, and to be honest I think most job ads are copied from other job ads, because it looks cool I suppose. You can have an infinite possibilities of failure for a software. The ones that are “automated” are actually representing the simplest situations.
Another situation is no automation requirements where things go like this: opportunistic people taking the positions, blocking the well-intended people to evolve there and improve the process. This increases bad reputation for testing and in cases of large companies, they then move their offices in cheaper locations. If the stuff repeats there, they don’t loose too much money at least as before.
Another problem I see in testing is that is placed too much in the computer science area and its actually not very much the case.